Seed spice improvement and germplasm collection, conservation, and utilization
At present, about 7000 germplasm lines of seed spices are conserved and maintained in India (with ICAR-NRCSS, Ajmer, and AICRP centers). Being a national active germplasm site (NAGS) for seed spices, ICAR-NRCSS, Ajmer is a repository of 2250 germplasm lines (2017-18). In the past five years of ICAR-NRCSS, Ajmer has developed 10 varieties (Ajmer Coriander-1, Ajmer Coriander2, Ajmer Fenugreek-3, Ajmer Fenugreek-4 & Ajmer Fenugreek-5, Ajmer Fennel-2 & Ajmer Fennel-3, Ajmer Dill-2, Ajmer Nigella-20 & Ajmer Ajwain-93) of seed spice crops and identified unique promising genotypes by non-traditional breeding methods having desirable traits. Minimal descriptors have been developed and published for all the seed spices by the center. DUS guidelines have also been finalized for fenugreek and coriander
- Molecular characterization of released varieties of cumin, coriander, fennel, and fenugreek has been done using random and ITS primers.
- Sixteen gene sequences of fenugreek and cumin have been submitted to NCBI, USA database (Gene Accession numbers HM 176640-176649 for fenugreek and HM176650- HM176655 for cumin).
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- Technological developed/standardized in crop production
- Technological developed/standardized in crop protection
- Technologies developed/standardized in post-harvest management
- Technological developed/standardized in basic science
- Technology/modules/database developed in social science
- Impact of ICAR-NRCSS technologies