About The Department / Section :
- NAME OF THE PROJECT :All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Rapeseed – Mustard.
- NAMAE OF THE CENTRE: Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur-208002 (U.P.).
- YEAR OF START: 1967 Joint Centre under AICORPO (separated in 1993-94 as AICRIP on R & M).
- HISTORICAL BACKGROUND:
Rapeseed-mustard are group of crops. Under this group the important crops are Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), Toria (Brassica campestris var. toria), Brown sarson (Brassica campestris var. brown sarson), Yellow sarson (Brassica campestris var. yellow sarson), Banarsi rai (Brassica nigra), Gobhi sarson (Brassica napus) and Karan sarson (Brassica carinata). At one time yellow sarson was the dominant type in Uttar Pradesh but with the development of modern crushing industry, inter provincial trade specially with West Bengal and high susceptibility of yellow sarson to the attack of aphid and Alternaria blight. Indian mustard has assumed greater importance. It has better resistance to pests, diseases and drought. Other crop such as Lotni brown sarson was restricted to drier tract of Agra region while toria was confined to eastern region of the state but both these type of brown sarson have eclipsed from the cultivator’s field. Toria, popularly known as Lahi (brown seeded) and Lahia (yellow seeded) were previously crop of tarai region but it has gained importance as catch crop in rotation with wheat throughout the state. This is a short duration crop and is, thus, capable of evading the attack of aphids which is one of the limiting factors of obtaining normal yields. Recently Karan sarson and Gobhi sarson were tried in the state for several years but due to its longer duration, small seed size, poor yield, shattering habit of seeds etc., it could not gain popularity among farmers.
Read more: https://csauk.ac.in/oil-seeds-section/
Original link: https://csauk.ac.in/