Malpura, an indigenous sheep for mutton has been improved through intensive selection. Body weight at six month of age has been improved from 13.84 kg in 1974-75 to 25.74 kg in 2010-11. High genetic merit rams are being supplied to the farmers for genetic improvement of animals in the breed tract. The improvement in the farmer’s flock was 7.63 and 14.92 per cent at 6 month’s body weight and in first six monthly greasy fleece yield (GFY), respectively.
Malpura sheep are found in Jaipur, Tonk, Sawaimadhopur and adjacent areas of Ajmer, Bhilwara and Bundi districts in Rajasthan. The animals are fairly well‑built, with long legs. Face is light brown. Ears are short and tubular, with a small cartilaginous appendage on the upper side. Both sexes are polled. Tail is medium to long and thin. The fleece is white, extremely coarse and hairy. Belly and legs are devoid of wool. The overall least square means for 1st six monthly and adult annual GFY were 551 and 810g respectively and least square means of birth, 3, 6 and 12 month’s weight of lambs were 3.02, 15.41, 20.80 and 25.60 kg, respectively under farm conditions. The average fibre diameter was 41.67µ with medullation of 75.9 %. Staple length was 4.9cm.
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