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The 2nd day 7th May, 2024 of the Mission Life action in Agriculture programme was linked with a hands-on training on Azolla cultivation and Vermicompost preparation at 3.00 PM. Prior to this flag down of Krishi Gyan vahan by Hon’ble Vice Chancellor, BAU, Sabour who addressed the students of Nature Club, BAU, Sabour from Bihar Agricultural College, College of Forestry and Environmental Study and College of Agricultural Biotechnology, Sabour. He pointed out the tragic situation of soil erosion, land degradation and dreadful effect of climate change. He urged the students for taking individual responsibility for saving the environment at all level of their lifestyle.

Thereafter the students moved to university Azolla cultivation and vermicompost production unit, where expert and incharge Dr. A. K. Jha detailed the importance and procedure of Azolla cultivation and vermin-compost production. He made students to visit different part of the unit, explaining every knowhow of the procedure. The various spp. of Azolla cultured in the unit was the centre of attraction for the students where they visualized the azolla cultures in different structure and asked the questions regarding its production procedure, cost of production and beneficial effects of Azolla. Dr. A.K. Jha addressed their queries in a simple way and provided the brief idea about its production techniques, its uses in various crops and also about the precautions that is required during its production and application in field.

Later Dr A.K. Jha took the students to the vermicompost production unit where they were shown two different types of vermicompost production, i.e. heap method and pit method. The pros and cons of both the production methods were explained in a very methodological way. The students were informed about various spp. and number of earthworms that can be used for a particular unit of vermicompost production while briefing about their roles in the composting process. They were also explained about the size of the vermi-pits, materials required and the procedure of preparation of vermi-bed for vermicomposting. The discussion ended with the provision of a brief idea about vermicompost harvesting which included approximate time taken for vermicompost formation and method of its harvesting. The students were finally explained with the processing unit that included sieving and packaging of vermicompost. Dr Jha ended the discussion with brief information about the economy of vermicompost production and its benefits to crops and environment.

The training ended with a group photo and vote of thanks by the organizing secretaries and other Nature Club members.

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