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What are the solutions for yellowing in summer groundnut and groundnut sucking pests?

Yellowing in summer groundnut crops and pests such as groundnut sucking insects can have a significant impact on yield and overall plant health. However, there are several effective solutions available that can help to address these issues and ensure that your groundnut crops remain healthy and productive throughout the growing season.

One of the primary causes of yellowing in summer groundnut crops is the lack of proper moisture levels in the soil. Groundnuts require adequate moisture to grow and develop, and during periods of high temperature and little rainfall, the plant may begin to yellow and dry out. To prevent this from happening, farmers should ensure that their fields receive regular irrigation during the hot summer months.

Another solution to address yellowing in groundnut crops is foliar feeding. During periods of stress, including drought, high temperatures, and nutrient deficiencies, foliar applications of essential micronutrients can help to improve plant health and promote better growth. Farmers can use a range of fertilizers and foliar sprays to provide the required nutrients such as nitrogen, zinc, boron, and potassium, which support optimum growth and development.

Groundnut sucking pests can also be a big threat to groundnut crops, as they can significantly reduce yields and cause damage to crops. Insects such as aphids, thrips, mites, and whiteflies can cause economic losses by weakening the plants with their piercing and sucking activities. To manage the problem, farmers can use a variety of insecticides that are effective for controlling these pests. Regular scouting is recommended to identify any pests in the field before they cause further damage.

Another effective solution to the problem of groundnut sucking pests is the use of natural predator releases. Farmers can introduce beneficial insects like ladybugs, lacewings, and parasitic wasps, which feed on pest insects and provide natural control. These natural predators can help to reduce the insect population and protect crops from damage without the need for synthetic chemical treatments.

In conclusion, yellowing in summer groundnut crops and pests can significantly impact crop yields if not managed properly. Farmers should consider various solutions such as irrigation, foliar feeding, and pest control using synthetic chemicals or natural solutions. With proper management practices, groundnut farmers can successfully address these problems and maintain healthy and productive crops.

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