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Varieties of irrigated wheat

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Wheat is one of the most important staple crops cultivated in various regions around the world. Not only is it a source of food and nutrition for millions of people, but it is also a significant cash crop in many agricultural-based economies. One of the key factors in the cultivation of wheat is irrigation, and there are several varieties of irrigated wheat to choose from.

1. Hard Red Winter Wheat – This variety of wheat is primarily grown in the Great Plains region of the US and is known for its hard, dense kernel. It requires ample irrigation to yield good quality grain and is often used for breadmaking and other baked goods.

2. Soft Red Winter Wheat – Another type of wheat that is grown in the US, however, it is best suited for regions with moderate rainfall and irrigation. It has a lower protein content than hard red winter wheat, which makes it suitable for pastries and cakes.

3. Hard Red Spring Wheat – This type of wheat is grown in the northern US and is often used for making bread. It requires moderate to heavy irrigation and has a high protein content, making it ideal for producing gluten.

4. Durum Wheat – This variety of wheat is commonly grown in the Mediterranean region, particularly in Italy and North Africa. It has a hard kernel and high protein content, which makes it perfect for making pasta and semolina.

5. Soft White Wheat – This type of wheat is found in the Pacific Northwest region of the US and is mainly used for making cakes, pastries, and crackers. It requires moderate irrigation and has a low protein content, which gives it a soft texture.

6. Hard White Wheat – This variety of wheat is also grown in the Pacific Northwest region of the US. It has a higher protein content than soft white wheat, making it suitable for bread, but it also has a softer texture that is preferred for pastries.

In conclusion, the varieties of irrigated wheat are diverse and are suited for different uses and regions. The type of wheat chosen for cultivation depends on factors such as climate, soil fertility, water availability, and its eventual use. Regardless of the variety chosen, irrigation is an essential factor in producing high-quality wheat.

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