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Sowing time of ground nut

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Groundnut, also known as peanuts, is an essential oilseed crop that is widely cultivated around the world. This legume not only serves as a significant source of dietary protein but also provides various health benefits. If you’re considering growing groundnuts in your garden or plot, it’s important to understand the optimal sowing time to ensure a successful crop.

The sowing time for groundnuts varies depending on the climatic conditions of the region and the specific variety being cultivated. However, there are some general guidelines that can be followed for a successful sowing period.

In most regions, groundnut sowing is typically done during the hot and dry season, as this crop thrives in these conditions. The sowing time usually begins in late spring or early summer when the temperatures start to rise and the risk of frost has passed. It is crucial to avoid sowing groundnuts during the rainy season, as excess moisture can cause the seeds to rot.

Before sowing, it is essential to prepare the soil properly. Groundnuts prefer well-drained soil with good organic matter content. The soil should be loamy and loose to facilitate the growth of the underground pods. It is recommended to perform a soil test beforehand to ensure that the pH level is suitable for groundnut cultivation.

To sow groundnuts, make furrows or ridges in the prepared soil at a distance of about 30 to 45 centimeters apart. The depth of the furrows should be approximately 5 to 8 centimeters. Place the seeds about 5 to 8 centimeters apart in the furrows and cover them with soil. Water the seeds gently without over-saturating the soil.

Once the groundnuts are sown, it is crucial to provide them with proper care and attention. Regular irrigation should be carried out during the growing season, especially during dry spells, to ensure adequate moisture for the plants. Weeds should be carefully removed to prevent competition for nutrients and space.

It typically takes around 90 to 120 days from sowing to harvest, depending on the variety and growing conditions. Signs that the groundnuts are ready for harvesting include yellowing foliage and drying pods. Carefully dig up the underground pods to avoid damaging them. Allow the harvested groundnuts to dry in a well-ventilated area for a few weeks before removing the shells.

In conclusion, understanding the appropriate sowing time for groundnuts is vital for a successful harvest. Sowing during the hot and dry season, ensuring proper soil preparation, and providing adequate care throughout the growing period are key factors for achieving optimal results. By following these guidelines, you’ll be on your way to enjoying your homegrown groundnuts in no time.

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