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Sowing time of ajwain crop

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Ajwain, also known as carom seeds, is an herb commonly used in Indian cuisine for its strong flavor and medicinal properties. It is also widely cultivated for commercial purposes in India, Iran, and Egypt. The ajwain crop is a hardy plant that can tolerate different soil and climatic conditions. However, one of the most critical factors that determine the success of ajwain cultivation is the proper sowing time.

Sowing time of ajwain crop:

The best time to sow ajwain seeds is during the winter season, from November to February. The cooler temperatures and shorter days provide ideal conditions for seed germination and plant growth. Sowing ajwain seeds during this time ensures that the crop can mature before the onset of summer heat and monsoon rains.

Preparation of land:

Before sowing ajwain seeds, it is essential to prepare the land properly. Ajwain plants do well in sandy loam to loamy soil. The land should be ploughed thoroughly and leveled to remove any soil clumps and debris. A balanced dose of organic manure and fertilizer should be added to enrich the soil.

Sowing ajwain seeds:

Ajwain seeds are tiny and should be sown thinly to facilitate proper germination and growth. The seeds can be broadcasted manually or by using a seed drill or broadcasting machine. The ideal spacing between rows should be between 25 to 30 cm, while the distance between plants should be between 10 to 15 cm.

Maintenance and care:

Once the ajwain seeds have been sown, proper care and maintenance are crucial for the success of the crop. The plants should be watered regularly to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. Weeding should be done at regular intervals to prevent competition for nutrients and space. Pests and diseases should be monitored and treated immediately to prevent the spread of the infestation.


Harvesting of ajwain crop can be done after 100 to 120 days of sowing when the plants turn yellowish, and the fruits start to dry up. The harvested plants are dried and cleaned to obtain the seeds, which can be stored for up to one year.

In conclusion, choosing the right sowing time for ajwain crop is critical for its success. Winter season provides ideal conditions for seed germination and plant growth. By following the proper land preparation and planting techniques and providing the necessary care and maintenance, farmers can achieve a successful ajwain crop yield.

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