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தலைப்பு: மானியங்களைப் புரிந்துகொள்வது: அரசாங்க ஆதரவின் முக்கிய கூறு அறிமுகம் இன்றைய சிக்கலான

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Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojna query

Title: Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana: Empowering Farmers for a Progressive India

Introduction:
The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana (PM-KISAN) is a significant initiative undertaken by the Indian government to provide financial assistance to small and marginal farmers across the nation. Launched in February 2019, this scheme aims to alleviate the financial burden faced by farmers, enhance their income, and ensure their overall socio-economic welfare.

Objectives of PM-KISAN:
1. Financial Assistance: The primary objective of PM-KISAN is to provide direct income support of Rs. 6,000 per year to eligible farming families in three equal installments. This financial aid helps farmers meet their agricultural expenses, purchase quality seeds, fertilizers, and other necessary inputs, ultimately enhancing their productivity and profitability.

2. Poverty Alleviation: PM-KISAN seeks to uplift vulnerable and economically weaker farmers who often face financial distress due to crop failures, inadequate market access, and higher input costs. The scheme helps alleviate poverty in rural areas by providing a stable income source and reducing the dependence on informal credit channels.

3. Socio-Economic Welfare: By ensuring direct income support, PM-KISAN enhances the overall quality of life for farmers and their families. It aims to address various pressing challenges faced by farmers, including agrarian distress, indebtedness, and lack of resources for essential needs like education, healthcare, and housing.

Salient Features:
1. Eligibility Criteria: Small and marginal farmers with 2 hectares or less of cultivable land are eligible to benefit from the scheme. The scheme covers almost 86% of India’s total farming population, making it inclusive and comprehensive.

2. Direct Transfers: The financial assistance of Rs. 6,000 per year is transferred directly to the bank accounts of eligible farmers in three equal installments of Rs. 2,000 each. This step ensures transparency, efficiency, and minimizes leakages in welfare disbursements.

3. National Agricultural Market (e-NAM): PM-KISAN incorporates e-NAM, an online platform that facilitates transparent selling and purchasing of agricultural products. This initiative helps farmers receive fair prices, eliminates intermediaries, and reduces market inefficiencies.

4. Improved Governance: PM-KISAN implements a robust monitoring mechanism to ensure that the benefits reach the intended beneficiaries. The scheme emphasizes the usage of Aadhaar authentication to minimize fraudulent practices and maintains a comprehensive database for accurate targeting and tracking of beneficiaries.

Impact of PM-KISAN:
PM-KISAN has had a transformative impact on the agriculture sector and the lives of farmers in India. This initiative has significantly improved farmers’ access to credit, diversified their income sources, and enhanced their agricultural productivity. With increased purchasing power, farmers can make strategic investments, adopt modern farming techniques, and explore alternate means of livelihood. This holistic approach not only uplifts individuals but also contributes to the nation’s overall socio-economic development.

Conclusion:
The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana demonstrates the Indian government’s commitment to the welfare of farmers and agricultural stability. By providing direct income support, PM-KISAN empowers small and marginal farmers, placing them at the center of the country’s growth narrative. As the scheme progresses, it is expected to further strengthen India’s agricultural sector, reduce income disparities, and enable farmers to lead a more prosperous life.

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