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Information regarding varieties of paddy with their yield

Title: Exploring Varieties of Paddy and Their Yield Potential

Varieties of paddy, also known as rice, play a significant role in determining the yield and productivity of this globally vital staple crop. With numerous cultivars available, it is essential for farmers and agricultural enthusiasts to understand the characteristics and yield potential associated with different paddy varieties. In this article, we will delve into some popular paddy varieties, highlighting their key features and average yield to help farmers make informed decisions.

1. Basmati Rice:
Basmati is renowned for its unique aroma, long grains, and delicate flavor. Grown primarily in the Indian subcontinent, Basmati rice enjoys global popularity. Varieties such as Basmati 370, Basmati 386, and Basmati 515 are commonly grown, with average yields ranging between 3-4 tons per hectare. Basmati rice fetches a higher market price due to its distinct qualities.

2. Jasmine Rice:
Jasmine rice is recognized for its fragrant aroma and slightly sticky texture. Originating from Thailand, this variety is also cultivated in other Southeast Asian countries. Popular varieties like Thai Hom Mali and Khao Dok Mali 105 are known for their high yield potential, averaging around 4-5 tons per hectare. Jasmine rice is commonly used in a variety of culinary dishes.

3. Indica Rice:
Indica rice encompasses a broad spectrum of medium- to long-grain varieties that flourish in tropical and subtropical regions. Names like IR64, IR36, and Swarna are well-known among farmers. With an average yield of around 5-6 tons per hectare, these varieties prove to be stable and productive options for farmers across Asia and Africa.

4. Japonica Rice:
Japonica rice, originating mainly from Northeast Asia, is distinguished by its short and medium grains and is known for its stickiness when cooked. Varieties such as Koshihikari, Sasanishiki, and Calrose are popular cultivars with average yields ranging from 6-8 tons per hectare. Japonica rice is widely used in sushi and other traditional East Asian dishes.

5. Upland Rice:
Upland rice varieties are suitable for cultivation in areas where water availability is limited. These varieties are known for their adaptability and ability to withstand drought conditions. Popular upland rice varieties include Barakani, Upland Warrior, and Giauque. Yields for upland rice can vary significantly due to regional variations, ranging roughly between 2-3 tons per hectare.

Understanding the different varieties of paddy and their yield potential plays a vital role in ensuring successful rice cultivation. Farmers should carefully consider the specific characteristics and requirements of each variety to select the most suitable option for their region. By selecting the right rice variety, farmers can maximize their yield potential, enhance their profitability, and contribute to global food security.

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