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Information regarding nursery management in paddy crop

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Paddy or rice is one of the most important cereal crops in the world, providing nourishment to millions of people. However, growing rice is no easy feat, especially when it comes to nursery management. A well-managed nursery is essential for the success of the rice crop, as it is where the seeds are nurtured until they are ready for transplanting in the main field. In this article, we will look at some important things you need to know about nursery management in paddy crop.

1. Seed Selection

When it comes to paddy crop, seed selection is of utmost importance. Choose high-quality seeds that are disease-free and have a minimum germination rate of 85%. The seeds should also be selected according to the soil and climatic conditions of your region.

2. Soil Preparation

The soil in the nursery should be well-drained, fertile and have a pH level of 6 to 7. The nursery soil should be tilled to loosen the soil particles, mixed with organic manure, and leveled properly.

3. Seed Treatment

Before sowing the seeds, treat them with a fungicide to prevent seed-borne and soil-borne diseases. You can also do seed priming, which is a technique of pre-soaking the seeds in water for a specific period to enhance their germination potential.

4. Sowing

Paddy nursery can be raised either on raised beds or flat surface. The ideal sowing time is during the onset of monsoon, but with the availability of irrigation facility, the nursery can be raised throughout the year. Sow the seeds at a spacing of 20x20cm in lines or rows.

5. Irrigation

Providing adequate irrigation is essential for the successful growth of the rice seedlings. The nursery should be irrigated regularly in small quantities to ensure the soil remains moist.

6. Fertilizer Application

Fertilizer application is necessary to provide the required nutrients for the seedlings to grow well. Apply a balanced NPK fertilizer at a dose of 4:4:4 at the time of sowing, and again after 15-20 days of sowing.

7. Pest and Disease Management

Pests like rats, birds, snails, and insects can cause severe damage to the seedlings. Use traps and attractants to manage the pests. In case of diseases, use recommended fungicides and pesticides.

In conclusion, a well-managed paddy crop nursery is crucial for the successful cultivation of rice. Seed selection, soil preparation, sowing, irrigation, fertilizer application and pest and disease management are some of the important factors to consider for a successful nursery. It is also important to note that growing rice is a delicate balance between science, technique and the environment.

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