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Title: Proper Fertilizer Dose for Paddy (Jhona) Planting
Proper fertilization plays a vital role in achieving optimal crop growth and high yields in paddy cultivation. When it comes to planting paddy seeds, commonly known as Jhona, it is crucial to provide the right amount of fertilizers at the right time. This ensures that the seedlings receive essential nutrients during their early growth stages, leading to healthy plant development and increased yields. In this article, we will discuss the recommended fertilizer dose for paddy planting and its importance.
1. Nitrogen (N):
Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for paddy plants as it promotes leaf and stem growth. At the time of paddy planting, it is recommended to apply 25-30 kg of nitrogen per acre. This amount can be split into two doses: one-half should be applied as a basal dose during land preparation, and the remaining half should be top-dressed after 25-30 days of sowing. Nitrogen fertilization is crucial as it enhances overall plant vitality and its capability to absorb other nutrients.
2. Phosphorous (P):
Phosphorous is essential for root development and the overall growth of paddy plants. As a basal dose, around 50 kg of phosphorous per acre should be incorporated into the soil during land preparation. This helps in developing a healthy root system, enabling efficient uptake of water and nutrients.
3. Potassium (K):
Potassium aids in improving the strength and resilience of paddy plants. It also helps in water and nutrient uptake, along with enhancing the plant’s resistance to diseases and pests. Approximately 20-25 kg of potassium per acre should be applied as a basal dose at the time of planting.
Importance of Proper Fertilizer Dosage:
1. Balanced Nutrition: Supplying the right amount of fertilizers during paddy planting ensures a balanced nutrient supply to the seedlings, promoting healthy growth and development. Adequate nutrition enhances their ability to withstand adverse environmental conditions such as drought, flooding, or pest attacks.
2. Optimal Yields: Proper fertilization at the time of paddy planting contributes to higher crop yields. Nutrient availability in the early stages leads to vigorous plant growth, increasing the number of tillers, panicles, and ultimately grains.
3. Soil Health: Strategic use of fertilizers helps maintain the fertility and health of the soil. Balanced nutrient application prevents nutrient imbalances that can adversely affect the soil structure and microbial activity. This, in turn, fosters long-term sustainability of paddy cultivation.
The appropriate fertilizer dose during paddy (Jhona) planting is crucial for achieving healthy plant growth, maximizing yields, and promoting soil fertility. Timely application of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium provides the necessary nutrients to the seedlings, allowing them to develop a robust root system and effective nutrient absorption capacity. It is essential to follow recommended dosages and split applications to ensure the most effective utilization of fertilizers. By paying careful attention to fertilization at the time of planting, farmers can optimize paddy cultivation and improve their overall productivity.