Title: Unveiling the Remarkable Improved Varieties of Gobhi Sarson
Gobhi Sarson, scientifically known as Brassica napus, is a quintessential oilseed crop widely cultivated in various parts of India and other countries. Its importance lies in providing large-scale mustard cooking oil production, serving as a staple in many households. Over the years, continuous research and development efforts have resulted in the creation of improved varieties of Gobhi Sarson, offering enhanced yield potential, disease resistance, and adaptability to diverse climates. In this article, we delve into some of these impressive improved varieties and their significant contributions to the agricultural landscape.
1. Punjab Sarson 1 (PS 1)
PS 1, released by Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), is a high-yielding variety of Gobhi Sarson developed specifically for the Punjab region. It possesses excellent resistance to various diseases, including white rust and alternaria blight. PS 1 has shown remarkable adaptability to diverse climates, making it a favored choice among farmers.
2. NPJ 112 (Kranti)
Developed by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) in New Delhi, NPJ 112, popularly known as Kranti, is celebrated for its higher seed yield potential. This variety exhibits excellent tolerance to various prevalent diseases, such as mustard aphid and alternaria blight. Additionally, it is resistant to lodging, making it suitable for cultivation in areas prone to strong winds.
Varuna, developed by the Directorate of Oilseeds Research (DOR), is a widely recognized improved variety of gobhi sarson. It possesses a higher oil content and is known for its overall better seed quality. Farmers have reported good field performance with Varuna, particularly in the central and peninsular regions of the country.
4. RH 0105 (Rakshak), RH 0305 (Vardan), and RH 0405 (Abhaya)
The Rakhra Horticultural Farms (RHF) in Haryana has developed three improved varieties of Gobhi Sarson with exemplary resistance against common diseases. RH 0105 (Rakshak), RH 0305 (Vardan), and RH 0405 (Abhaya) have proven to be high-yielding cultivars with robust adaptability to various agro-climatic zones. These varieties have sparked immense interest among farmers due to their consistent performance.
NRCYSR-M6, developed by the National Research Centre on Seed Spices (NRCSS), is a hybrid variety of Gobhi Sarson known for its enhanced oil content and seed quality. Its adaptability to a wide range of environmental conditions and good resistance to diseases and pests make it a sought-after choice among progressive farmers.
The development and adoption of improved varieties of Gobhi Sarson have been critical in revolutionizing mustard oil production across India. These varieties offer higher productivity, disease resistance, and adaptability to different regions and climatic conditions. Thanks to the dedication and efforts of agricultural research institutions, farmers can now choose from an array of improved varieties such as Punjab Sarson 1, Kranti, Varuna, and those developed by RHF and NRCSS. These remarkable cultivars contribute significantly to ensuring a stable and profitable mustard oil industry, consequently improving the livelihoods of farmers and enhancing food security.