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Title: PM Kisan Status: Empowering Farmers for a Prosperous Future

How to control fungal disease in paddy crop

Fungal diseases can be a big threat to paddy crop yield. These diseases can significantly reduce the quality and quantity of the crop, leading to financial losses for farmers. But, with proper management practices, these diseases can be controlled and prevented from spreading. Here are some ways to control fungal diseases in paddy crop:

1. Seed treatment: Seed treatment is an effective way to control fungal diseases in paddy crop. Seeds should be treated with fungicides before planting to prevent any fungal growth. This helps prevent the spread of diseases from the beginning.

2. Crop rotation: Crop rotation is an important management technique that helps control fungal diseases. Farmers should rotate paddy crops with other crops to prevent the build-up of fungal spores.

3. Fungicide application: Fungicides are effective in controlling fungal diseases in paddy crop. Farmers should choose the right fungicide for each disease and apply it at the right time and in the right amount for maximum effectiveness.

4. Timely harvesting: Timely harvesting of the paddy crop is crucial to prevent fungal diseases. Late harvesting can increase the risk of fungal growth in the crop, which can lead to contamination and spoilage.

5. Weed management: Weeds can be a source of fungal infections. Therefore, it is important to manage weeds effectively in the paddy field.

6. Proper irrigation: Proper irrigation practices are essential for preventing fungal diseases in paddy crop. Over irrigation or waterlogging can increase the risk of fungal diseases, whereas under irrigation can lead to stress in the plants, making them more susceptible to infections.

7. Soil nutrition management: Fungal diseases are more likely to occur in nutrient-deficient soils. Therefore, farmers should ensure proper soil nutrition management to keep the plants healthy and strong.

In conclusion, fungal diseases can be controlled and prevented by adopting proper management practices. Farmers should take early preventive measures, apply fungicides when necessary, manage irrigation and soil nutrition, and practice crop rotation to protect their paddy crops from fungal diseases and ensure good yield and quality.

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