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How to control fungal disease in paddy?

Fungal diseases are a major concern for rice farmers around the world. They can significantly reduce crop yields and profits, and can even lead to complete crop failure. Here are some effective ways to control fungal diseases in paddy:

1. Crop rotation: Crop rotation is an effective way to control fungal diseases. After cultivating rice for one season, farmers can plant other crops before going back to rice. This helps to break disease cycles and reduce the build-up of pathogens in the soil.

2. Disease-resistant varieties: Planting disease-resistant varieties of rice is another effective way to control fungal diseases. These varieties have been specifically bred to be immune or less susceptible to common rice fungal diseases.

3. Sanitation: Good crop sanitation practices are also important for controlling fungal diseases. Farmers should remove and destroy infected plant debris and use clean seeds for planting.

4. Fungicides: Fungicides are chemicals used to control fungal diseases. These should only be used as a last resort. Farmers should consult with agricultural extension experts and follow the recommended dosage and application methods.

5. Water management: Proper water management is critical for controlling fungal diseases. Farmers should ensure that fields are well-drained to prevent waterlogging and promote air circulation. They should also avoid over-fertilization as this can lead to excessive leaf growth, which creates a favorable environment for fungi.

In conclusion, controlling fungal diseases in paddy requires a multi-faceted approach that includes crop rotation, use of disease-resistant varieties, good sanitation practices, judicious use of fungicides, and proper water management. By implementing these strategies, farmers can reduce crop losses and improve their yields.

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