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Farmer asked for fungus control information of groundnut crop

Farmers are always looking for ways to protect their crops from diseases and pests that can damage the yield. Recently, a farmer requested information on how to control fungus in groundnut crops. Fungal diseases can have a devastating effect on groundnuts, so it’s important to take preventive measures early on in order to minimize damage.

There are a number of steps that farmers can take to control fungus in groundnut crops. Firstly, it’s important to ensure that the soil is well-aerated and that there is good drainage. This will help to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to fungal growth. Additionally, it’s important to use high-quality seeds, ideally those that have been treated with fungicides.

One of the most common fungal diseases that affects groundnut crops is leaf spot. This disease is caused by the fungus Cercospora arachidicola and can cause significant damage to the leaves, stems and pods of the plant. Symptoms of leaf spot include small, brown spots on the leaves, which later turn yellow and fall off. In severe cases, the entire plant can become defoliated.

To control leaf spot, farmers can use a variety of fungicides. These can be applied as a pre-planting seed treatment or as a foliar spray during the growing season. The choice of fungicide will depend on a number of factors, such as the severity of the disease and the crop stage.

Another fungal disease that can affect groundnut crops is rust. This disease is caused by the fungus Puccinia arachidis and can cause significant damage to the leaves and stems of the plant. Symptoms of rust include small, orange-yellow pustules on the leaves, which later turn brown and black. In severe cases, rust can cause premature defoliation of the plant.

To control rust, farmers can use a variety of fungicides, as well as cultural practices such as crop rotation and the removal of infected plant debris. Once again, the choice of fungicide will depend on a number of factors, such as the severity of the disease and the crop stage.

It’s important to note that preventing fungal diseases in groundnut crops is not always easy or straightforward. Weather patterns, soil conditions, and other factors can all affect the likelihood of fungal growth. However, by following good agricultural practices, such as those outlined above, farmers can reduce the risk of fungal diseases and protect their groundnut crops.

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