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Control of insects in arhar


Arhar, also known as pigeon pea, is a nutritious and popular pulse crop cultivated extensively in various parts of the world. However, like any other crop, arhar is vulnerable to insect pest attacks, which can significantly reduce yield and quality. To ensure a healthy and productive arhar crop, it is essential to implement effective control measures against these insect pests. In this article, we will discuss some strategies to manage and control insects in arhar cultivation.

1. Identification of Insect Pests:
Before applying any control measures, it is crucial to identify the specific insect pests affecting the arhar crops. Common insect pests in arhar cultivation include pod borer, pod fly, aphids, thrips, whiteflies, and mites. Identifying the pests correctly will help in selecting the appropriate control methods.

2. Cultural Practices:
Implementing cultural practices can help minimize potential insect pest damage in arhar crops. These practices include crop rotation, timely sowing, proper spacing, and maintaining good field sanitation. Crop rotation breaks the lifecycle of insects by interrupting their food sources, reducing their population build-up. Timely sowing ensures that the crop matures before the peak insect activity period, reducing vulnerability to pests. Proper spacing allows better air circulation, preventing the spread of certain pests, while maintaining field sanitation removes crop residues that can harbor overwintering pests.

3. Biological Control:
Biological control is an eco-friendly approach using natural enemies to manage insect pests. Encouraging beneficial insects such as ladybugs, lacewings, and parasitic wasps in the field can help control aphids, thrips, and mites. These natural enemies feed on the pests, reducing their population. Additionally, releasing certain beneficial nematodes and entomopathogenic fungi can help control root pests like grubs and borers.

4. Chemical Control:
In severe cases, when insect pest populations reach damaging levels, chemical control methods can be considered. It is important to choose insecticides that specifically target the pests affecting arhar crops while being safe for the environment and non-target organisms. Consult with local agricultural experts or entomologists to identify appropriate insecticides and follow recommended dosages and application guidelines carefully.

5. Integrated Pest Management (IPM):
A holistic approach known as Integrated Pest Management (IPM) combines various control strategies mentioned earlier. IPM focuses on long-term pest management through a comprehensive understanding of the ecosystem, pest behavior, and sustainable control methods. It includes monitoring the field for pest populations, setting action thresholds, and implementing appropriate control measures at the right time. IPM minimizes reliance on chemical insecticides by emphasizing cultural practices, biological control, and judicious use of chemicals as a last resort.

Controlling insects in arhar cultivation requires a proactive and integrated approach. By implementing cultural practices, promoting biological control, and judiciously using chemicals when necessary, farmers can effectively manage insect pests, ensuring healthy arhar crops with high yields. Additionally, regular monitoring and implementation of integrated pest management strategies can contribute to sustainable and environmentally friendly arhar cultivation practices.

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