Latest Articles

Popular Articles

Control iron deficiency in paddy

Title: Strategies for Controlling Iron Deficiency in Paddy Fields


Iron deficiency is a common problem faced by paddy farmers around the world. It adversely affects plant growth, reduces yield, and impairs crop quality. The deficiency can be attributed to various factors, including soil conditions, pH level, and irrigation practices. However, by implementing a few effective strategies, farmers can effectively control iron deficiency in paddy fields, ensuring optimum growth and yield of this vital crop.

1. Proper Soil Management:

The first step in controlling iron deficiency is to ensure proper soil management. Conduct a comprehensive soil analysis to determine the nutrient content, including iron. Iron availability is heavily influenced by soil pH; thus, maintaining a slightly acidic pH level (around 5.5-6.5) is essential. Lime applications should be avoided as they increase soil pH and reduce iron availability. Additionally, incorporating organic matter into the soil through the addition of compost or manure enhances iron uptake.

2. Balanced Fertilization:

An essential aspect of controlling iron deficiency is applying appropriate fertilizers. Applying complete fertilizers that provide a balanced blend of macro and micronutrients can help mitigate iron deficiency. Incorporate micro-nutrient formulations that contain iron chelates to ensure better iron absorption by plants. Foliar application of iron fertilizers during the critical growth stages of paddy plants can also improve iron availability.

3. Efficient Irrigation Practices:

Proper irrigation practices play a crucial role in controlling iron deficiency. Over-irrigation can exacerbate the issue by causing iron to leach out of the soil. In contrast, water scarcity leads to insufficient iron uptake. Implementing practices like alternate wetting and drying (AWD) or controlled irrigation can help optimize water usage while minimizing the risk of iron deficiency. Ensuring good drainage also prevents waterlogging, which inhibits iron uptake.

4. Diverse Crop Rotation:

Crop rotation is an effective strategy that aids in breaking the iron deficiency cycle. Growing leguminous crops like beans and peanuts in rotation with paddy can improve iron availability due to their nitrogen fixation ability and organic matter enrichment. These crops enhance iron mobilization in the soil and create favorable conditions for paddy cultivation.

5. Use of Iron-enriched Fertilizers:

Utilizing iron-enriched fertilizers or bio-fortified seeds can significantly address iron deficiency in paddy fields. These specially formulated fertilizers or seeds with enhanced iron content ensure better absorption and utilization by paddy plants. They are especially beneficial in regions where iron is scarce in the soil.


Controlling iron deficiency in paddy fields requires a holistic approach combining proper soil management, balanced fertilization, efficient irrigation practices, diverse crop rotation, and the use of iron-enriched fertilizers or seeds. By implementing these strategies, farmers can alleviate iron deficiency issues, resulting in improved paddy crop yield and overall agricultural productivity. Regular soil testing and close monitoring of plants’ nutrient requirements are crucial to ensure long-term control of iron deficiency for sustainable paddy cultivation.

Share This Article :

No Thoughts on Control iron deficiency in paddy