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Garlic is a valuable crop that has been grown in Kashmir for centuries. Apart from being a staple in the local cuisine, it is also known for its many health benefits. However, to get a good yield of garlic, it is important to sow the crop at the right time. In this article, we will discuss the sowing time of garlic in the Kashmir region.
In Kashmir, garlic is generally sown in the months of October and November. These months are ideal for garlic cultivation as the weather is cold but not too harsh. Garlic requires a temperature range of 10-25°C for optimum growth, and the months of October and November provide the perfect climate for it.
Before sowing, it is important to prepare the field properly. The soil should be well-drained, as garlic does not grow well in waterlogged soil. It is also advisable to add organic matter to the soil to improve its fertility. Garlic requires a soil pH of 6.0-7.5, so perform a soil test before sowing and adjust the pH accordingly.
When sowing garlic, the cloves should be planted 2-3 cm deep and 15-20 cm apart. Clove size is also important as larger, good quality cloves will give you a higher yield. It is important to keep the soil moist during the early stages of growth, but be careful not to overwater as this can lead to rotting.
As the garlic plants grow, it is important to weed the field regularly. Weeds can compete with the garlic plants for nutrients and water, and can significantly reduce the yield. Mulching can also be done to control weeds and retain soil moisture.
Harvesting of garlic in Kashmir generally takes place in the months of May and June, when the leaves of the plant start to turn yellow. The garlic bulbs should be carefully dug up and left to dry in the sun for a few days. This will help to enhance the flavour and aroma of the garlic.
In conclusion, the sowing time of garlic in the Kashmir region is October and November. It is important to prepare the soil properly, plant good quality cloves at the right depth and distance, and weed the field regularly. With proper care, you can expect a good yield of high-quality garlic.