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How to control sucking pest in rice crop

Title: Effective Strategies for Controlling Sucking Pests in Rice Crops


Rice is a vital staple crop that feeds a significant portion of the world’s population. However, it is highly susceptible to various pests, presenting a serious challenge for farmers. Among these pests, sucking insects can cause substantial damage to rice plants, affecting both quality and yield. This article aims to provide essential knowledge and effective strategies for controlling sucking pests in rice crops.

1. Identification of Sucking Pests

Before implementing control measures, it is crucial to identify the specific sucking pests infesting your rice crop accurately. Common sucking pests in rice include green leafhoppers, brown planthoppers, whitebacked planthoppers, and rice bugs. Proper identification will help in choosing the most efficient control methods specifically formulated to target these pests’ biology and feeding habits.

2. Cultural Practices

a. Planting the right rice varieties: Opting for resistant varieties is the first line of defense against sucking pests. Choose varieties that have a natural resistance or tolerance to sucking insects prevalent in your region. Resistant varieties can significantly minimize the infestation level.

b. Maintaining seedbed hygiene: Destroy rice stubble and remove weeds promptly after harvesting to reduce the potential breeding sites and overwintering pests. Avoid continuous rice cropping to break the pest life cycle.

c. Proper timing of planting: Timely planting, when weather conditions are unfavorable for the rapid reproduction and buildup of pests, can help minimize potential damage.

3. Biological Control

a. Encourage natural enemies: Encouraging beneficial insects like ladybugs, spiders, and predatory mites in rice fields can help control sucking pests. These natural enemies feed on eggs, nymphs, and adults of sucking pests, thus reducing their population. Preserve habitats for these beneficial insects, reduce the usage of broad-spectrum insecticides, and utilize selective pesticides whenever necessary.

b. Biological control agents: Employing microbial agents such as fungal and bacterial insecticides can provide effective control of sucking pests. Spray these biological control agents during the early stages of pest infestation for best results.

4. Chemical Control

a. Judicious pesticide use: Chemical control should be the last resort and should only be considered when the economic threshold for pest damage is crossed. Apply pesticides based on accurate pest identification, considering the susceptibility of specific pests and the stage of the rice crop.

b. Rotate insecticides: To prevent pest resistance, rotate the use of different insecticides from different chemical classes with distinct modes of action. This practice ensures better control and reduces the risk of resistance development.

c. Apply systemic insecticides: Systemic insecticides, when used cautiously, can be effective against sucking pests. These chemicals are translocated within the plant’s vascular system, making them an attractive choice against pests that feed on sap.


Controlling sucking pests in rice crops requires a holistic approach that integrates proper cultural practices, biological control, and judicious use of pesticides. By implementing these strategies and monitoring pest populations regularly, farmers can minimize the damage caused by sucking insects and ultimately enhance the yield and quality of their rice crops. Remember, sustainable pest management practices are essential for the long-term health and productivity of rice fields.

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