Caterpillar bore into central shoot of paddy seedling and tiller

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Caterpillars are one of the most common pests that can severely damage paddy crops. These pests are known to bore into the central shoot of paddy seedlings and tillers, which ultimately leads to a significant reduction in yield. In this article, we will discuss how caterpillars damage paddy crops and what preventive measures can be taken to control their infestation.

Caterpillar bore into paddy seedlings and tillers:

Caterpillars are the larval form of moths and butterflies and are highly destructive pests, which can cause extensive damage to paddy crops. They can be easily identified by their elongated, worm-like bodies covered with hair or spines. Once they infest the paddy plant, they start feeding on the leaves and bore into the central shoot of the seedling or tiller.

The central shoot is the most critical part of the paddy plant as it helps in the growth and development of the plant. The damage caused by caterpillars to the central shoot disrupts the upward growth of the plant and significantly affects its overall productivity. This can even lead to the death of the plant in severe cases.

Preventive measures to control caterpillar infestation:

1. Crop rotation: Crop rotation is an effective way to prevent caterpillars from infesting the paddy fields. The practice of alternating paddy crops with other crops like legumes or vegetables discourage the pests from accessing the paddy fields and limits their growth and development.

2. Use of biopesticides: The use of biopesticides is an eco-friendly way to control caterpillar infestation. Biopesticides are made up of natural components such as bacteria and fungi, which are non-toxic and safe for the environment.

3. Maintain field hygiene: Keeping the paddy fields clean and free from weeds and debris helps in the prevention of caterpillar infestation. Removing the plant debris and stubble post-harvest reduces the chances of the pests surviving through the off-season.

4. Use of chemical pesticides: Chemical pesticides can be used to control caterpillar infestation, but their use should be cautiously monitored as they have adverse effects on the environment and human health.


Caterpillar bore into central shoot of paddy seedling and tiller is a significant problem for paddy crops, which severely reduces their productivity. Early identification and timely implementation of preventive measures can help in controlling the infestation of caterpillars. Farmers and agricultural experts should undertake integrated pest management practices, which combine different methods to control pests while reducing the negative impact on the environment and human health.

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